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The iron sword from the Mały Rynek [Small Market] Square in Kraków was discovered during the renovation of the square’s surface in 2007. So far, it is the only sword found in the archaeological research in the area of Kraków.

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The iron sword from the Mały Rynek [Small Market] Square in Kraków was discovered during the renovation of the square’s surface in 2007. So far, it is the only sword found in the archaeological research in the area of Kraków. It is very long (118 cm), with a narrow, bent and rather massive head like a sabre (4 cm wide) placed at the end of the handle’s bar. On the blade, about 7–8 cm from the place where the cross-guard had originally been placed, small sword marks are visible on both planes of the equipment. They are made of single circles with a diameter of 0.2–0.3 cm. An isosceles triangle was placed in one of them, while in the other — less clear due to corrosion — there is a cross in the open circle. This seems to be connected with an arrow located outside the circumference of the circle (?). The identical sword-shaped signs, located on both sides of the sword's equipment, were not registered on swords known in Poland. The first sign — a cross in the circle — appears on early medieval swords from the 9th century, while close analogies to the second sign could not be found. The equal-armed cross on the sword's equipment is a timeless sign. It can be found in various forms, both on the sword — with the inscription ULFBREHT — from the 9th century, and on swords from the end of the 15th century.
The detailed dimensions of the sword are as follows: the length of the blade—94.5 cm, the width of the blade — 4 cm; the bar for seating the handle (stem) with a rectangular intersection—0.5–0.6 cm thick, 1.4–2.0 cm wide, 18 cm long; the head about 6.3 cm long and 4.9 x 5.2 cm thick.

Elaborated by Michał Zaitz (Archaeological Museum in Kraków), © all rights reserved

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A sword from Small Market in Kraków

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