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- Date of production 3600–2900 BC
- Place of creation Bilche Zolote (today Ukraine)
- Dimensions height: 11.5 cm, width: 5.5 cm
- ID no. MAK/8475
- Object copyright Archaeological Museum in Kraków
- Digital images copyright public domain
- Digitalisation RDW MIC, Małopolska's Virtual Museums project
This object was found in Bilcze Złote (now the Tarnopol region, Ukraine), in the Werteb cave in 1898, by Włodzimierz Demetrykiewicz. The badge is a part of the rich collection of Leon XX and Teresa Sapieh, which was handed over by agreement in 1904 to the Museum of Skills Academy in Kraków.more
This object was found in Bilcze Złote (now the Tarnopol region, Ukraine), in the Werteb cave in 1898, by Włodzimierz Demetrykiewicz. The badge is a part of the rich collection of Leon XX and Teresa Sapieh, which was handed over by agreement in 1904 to the Museum of Skills Academy in Kraków. The collection was created as a result of excavations, conducted with breaks, from 1876 to 1907, by Adam Honory Kirkor, Gotfryd Ossowski and Włodzimierz Dematrykiewicz.
The badge presents a schematic head of a bull with curved horns resembling a lyre. It has 5 ear-like holes for fixing. Four of them simultaneously imitate the eyes and nostrils of the bull. On the front of the badge, with a point decoration, a female figure is represented schematically in a gesture of orans, in a dance or in an act of adoration. The object had the character of an amulet and is associated with the solar cult in which the bull played an important role.
The origin of the object can be dated to about 3,600 BC. The object derives from the culturee of Cucuteni-Trypole, which mainly occupied the area of present-day Ukraine and Romania. In the 4th millennium BC, it was the most developed culture in Europe.
Elaborated by Elżbieta Trela-Kieferling (Archaeological Museum in Kraków), © all rights reserved