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- Author Włodzimierz Tetmajer (1861–1923) or Henryk Uziembło (1879–1949)
- Date of production ca. 1890
- Place of creation Kraków, Poland
- Dimensions height: 86 cm, width: 67 cm
- ID no. M 1377
- Availability in stock
- Acquired date object loaned to Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków collections
- Object copyright Museum of the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków
- Digital images copyright © all rights reserved, Museum of the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków
- Digitalisation RDW MIC, Virtual Małopolska project
The work is attributed to Włodzimierz Tetmajer or Henryk Uziembło. Both were fascinated by folk themes, which at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries were a fashionable source of inspiration.more
The painting depicts a room in a rural cottage typical of the area around Kraków. In 1924, Seweryn Udziela described this type of interior as follows: “In the room, the most striking feature is a series of pictures with saints above the windows, along the entire wall under the ceiling; a table, bench, chest, stools and beds, everything painted in flowery patterns; beds cushioned high with pillows and quilts, with everyday clothing hanging above them. On the wall, to the side, stands a cradle, also painted”.
The work is attributed to Włodzimierz Tetmajer or Henryk Uziembło. Both were fascinated by folk themes, which at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries were a fashionable source of inspiration. This direction of artistic interest was the consequence of the 19th-century idea of national solidarity – the brotherhood of the intelligentsia and the peasants, as well as faith in the vitality of the latter. In the fabulously colourful Polish village, its rituals and residents, one could observe the fidelity to the basic values and native traditions preserved for centuries, which were so important to the intelligentsia in a country torn apart by three invaders. The folklore of Tatra highlanders, peasants from Bronowice near Kraków, and the lively, colourful and exotic Hutsul region became themes for paintings.
Henryk Uziembło designed and drew interiors. However, he is unlikely to have been the author of this picture, because he made drawings mainly of rooms of his own design, and the presented work seems to document the interior of an existing Bronowice hut. It is more probable that Włodzimierz Tetmajer, who lived and worked in Bronowice in 1890, is the author of Krakovian cottage. Amongst his artistic achievements, one can also find references to local architecture: in 1901, together with Antoni Procajłowicz, he made a miniature project of a cottage for Błażej Czepiec of Bronowice, which then served a carpenter from Bronowice as a model for building a house. The originator of this model, Jerzy Warchałowski, presented it at the First Exhibition of the Polish Applied Arts Society in Kraków. Today, this model can be found in the collection of the Ethnographic Museum in Kraków. At the same exhibition, Tetmajer also presented his Idea for a bedroom interior appointed in Krakovian style made in collaboration with Procajłowicz.
See also: Kraków’s bed
Elaborated by Urszula Kozakowska-Zaucha (National Museum in Kraków),
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Poland License.