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- Author Andrzej Wróblewski (1927—1957)
- Date of production 1945–1951
- Dimensions height: 64.5 cm, width: 50.5 cm
- ID no. M 419
- Availability in stock
- Acquired date 1945–1951, awarded student’s work
- Object copyright Museum of the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków
- Digital images copyright © all rights reserved, Museum of the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków
- Digitalisation RDW MIC, Virtual Małopolska project
The portrait entitled Model worker represents a man dressed in blue work clothes with the collar of a white shirt poking out. The model is rendered en trois quarts. His short hair is neatly combed, smoothly clinging to the head, and his face seems emotionless.more
The portrait entitled Model worker represents a man dressed in blue work clothes with the collar of a white shirt poking out. The model is rendered en trois quarts. His short hair is neatly combed, smoothly clinging to the head, and his face seems emotionless.
The painting is considered to be a student work of Andrzej Wróblewski and is dated from 1945–1951. However, it seems reasonable to move the dating forward to the early 1950s, when the artist plunged enthusiastically into the doctrine of socialist realism. Wróblewski studied at the Faculty of Painting and Sculpture at the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków during the period 1945–1952, under the direction of Hanna Rudzka-Cybisowa, Zygmunt Radnicki, Zbigniew Pronaszka, and Jerzy Fedkowicz. Initially, he created works that were kept in the spirit of the Kapists [Polish Colourists] movement. However, soon the principles of colourism began to weigh heavily on him and he began to search for his own artistic path. In 1948 the revolt against colourism grew when Wróblewski initiated the formation of Grupa Samokształceniowa [the Self-Learning Group] at the Kraków Academy, under Związek Akademickiej Młodzieży Polskiej [the Association of the Polish Academic Youth]. Przemysław Brykalski, Andrzej Strumiłło, and Andrzej Wajda joined it. Wróblewski became its leader and main ideologist. He pushed the concept of art as something thematic, realistic, clear for a mass audience, and above all involved in the rising of communism. However, the artist’s greatest achievement from this period is the series of eight canvas paintings created in 1949, which refer to experiences of occupation, entitled Rozstrzelania [Shootings]. The artist conveyed an extraordinary emotional tension by using formal devices. The brutal deformation of human bodies and the symbolic treatment of colour (with a predominance of blue tones embodying spiritual values) make it difficult to consider them as works sourced in socialist realism aesthetics. On the other hand, the portrait of the model worker kept in the Museum of the Academy definitely corresponds to the principles in Polish art that prevailed at that time, demonstrating an ideological and formal similarity to some of this artist’s canvases such as At the meeting (1952) or End of shift in Nowa Huta (1953). In these paintings (including the portrait of the work leader), Wróblewski uses a painting method similar to the one practiced by the realists, with a slightly darkened palette, while abandoning the symbolism of colours.
- https://culture.pl/pl/tworca/andrzej-wroblewski [access: 26.03.2019].
- Unikanie stanów pośrednich. Andrzej Wróblewski (1927-1957), red. M. Ziółkowska, W. Grzybała, Warszawa 2014.
- Andrzej Wróblewski nieznany, red. J. Michalski, Kraków 1993.
Elaborated by Agnieszka Jankowska-Marzec PhD,
(Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków),
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Poland License.