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The portrait of Wojciech Weiss by Xawery Dunikowski is dated to 1910. It shows one of the most outstanding painters, draftsmen and Young Poland graphic artists, who is considered to be a representative of the expressionistic current in the art of this period. The portrait is made in a realistic manner and duly reflects the characteristic features of the artist (known from painted portraits and photographs). Young Weiss is a man with a slender face, high forehead and focused eyes.

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The portrait of Wojciech Weiss by Xawery Dunikowski is dated to 1910. It shows one of the most outstanding painters, draftsmen and Young Poland graphic artists, who is considered to be a representative of the expressionistic current in the art of this period. The portrait is made in a realistic manner and duly reflects the characteristic features of the artist (known from painted portraits and photographs). Young Weiss is a man with a slender face, high forehead and focused eyes. He sports a moustache.
Both artists, Dunikowski and Weiss, were peers: they were born in 1875. They studied at the School of Fine Arts in Kraków at the same time. Weiss began his studies in 1892, Dunikowski four years later. They finished their artistic education in 1898 and received gold medals for their diploma works. Dunikowski’s work – a portrait of Henryk Szczygliński – foretold his long-term interest in human figure, with the topics concerning their existence, the mystery of life and transience. In the first decade of the twentieth century, the artist made a number of portraits, both in half-figure and bust, which were maintained, according to his definition, in the manner of the so-called optical impressionism. It was characterized by a soft, almost painterly plasticity of the solid surface, emitting subtle chiaroscuro effects. The sculptures created in this spirit include, among others: Prymulka [Primula] (1898) and portraits of Fryderyk Chopin (ca. 1910), Kazimierz Kamiński (1907), Franciszek Mączyński (1912) and Ludwik Solski (1912). In the background of the contemporary sculptural work of Dunikowski, the bust of Wojciech Weiss presents itself quite conservatively. It is closer to Mother’s portrait (1899), characterized by a faithful representation of the model.
When the portrait of Wojciech Weiss was created, Xawery Dunikowski resided permanently in Warsaw, where during the period 1904–1914 he was a professor of sculpture at the School of Fine Arts. He came to hold the chair of sculpture at the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków in 1923 and remained in this position until the outbreak of WWII. Meanwhile, Wojciech Weiss aligned his fate with Cracovian university as early as in 1910. During the interwar period, he served as its rector several times.

Bibliography:

  1. https://culture.pl/pl/tworca/wojciech-weiss
  2. https://culture.pl/pl/tworca/xawery-ksawery-dunikowski
  3. http://mnk.pl/zbiory/rzezbiarskie-portrety-ksawerego-dunikowskiego
  4. http://www.krolikarnia.mnw.art.pl/kolekcje/kolekcja-xawerego-dunikowskiego/
     
Elaborated by Agnieszka Jankowska-Marzec PhD, 
Licencja Creative Commons

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Poland License

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“Portrait of Wojciech Weiss” by Xawery Dunikowski

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