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The young man’s nude figure drawing was created during Stanisław Wyspiański’s stay in Paris in 1892. Wyspiański was then a third-year student at the Kraków Academy of Fine Arts and he completed supplementary studies in Paris.

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The young man’s nude figure drawing was created during Stanisław Wyspiański’s stay in Paris in 1892. Wyspiański was then a third-year student at the Kraków Academy of Fine Arts and he completed supplementary studies in Paris.
The artist composed the representation boldly and innovatively – diagonally – and marked the movement of the model dynamically bending his body. What distinguishes the artistic achievements of the painter is the dynamics. As Małgorzata Sokołowska notes, this drawing is “particularly important for collections of student work at the Museum of the Academy of Fine Arts. It is a proof of change in art, significant for the times in which Wyspiański matured as an artist and a contribution to the history of artistic didactics.

Bibliography:

  1. M. Sokołowska, Drawing by Stanisław Wyspiański “male nude figure” against the background of the collections of the Kraków Academy of Fine Arts , [in:] Stanisław Wyspiański in Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków, Kraków 2007, p. 69.

Elaborated by Urszula Kozakowska-Zaucha (National Museum in Kraków),

Licencja Creative Commons

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Poland License.

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Academic drawing

In the collection of drawings of The Museum of the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków, the most valuable come from the times of The School of Fine Arts (1873–1900), and these are studies from the casts of ancient sculptures and from a male model in classic poses. These drawings were included in the collection as the distinguished students works, often awarded by the Board of Directors of the Society of Friends of Fine Arts or with a Marian Gorzkowski prize, who was the secretary of the School in the times of Jan Matejko. 

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In the collection of drawings of The Museum of the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków, the most valuable come from the times of The School of Fine Arts (1873–1900), and these are studies from the casts of ancient sculptures and from a male model in classic poses. These drawings were included in the collection as the distinguished students works, often awarded by the Board of Directors of the Society of Friends of Fine Arts or with a Marian Gorzkowski prize, who was the secretary of the School in the times of Jan Matejko. The presence of these drawings in the Museum of the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków is testimony to the consistent programme of gathering collections by the university almost since its foundation. These works are precisely composed, solid, chiaroscuro studio drawings made with a pencil. They depict sculptures or a model in their entirety. The ability to fit the entire character in on the limited surface of the cardboard had to be one of the basic skills of the future artist. Learning composition and proportions are invariably features of the system of educating students at an early stage of their artistic path. The collection of drawings of the Museum of the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków features works by such artists as: Emanuel Herncisz, Feliks Szynalewski, Kasper Żelechowski, Samuel Hirszenberg, Ferdynand Olesiński and Franciszek Machniewicz. Among the deposits of the Museum of the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków there are also large-format, distinguished studies of ancient castings made by Matejko’s young student: Wojciech Weiss.

In the context of artistic education in the field of drawing and science of anatomy, it is also worth paying attention to studies of anatomical models called écorchés (Fr. écorché — barked [of a tree], flayed). Examples of such works can also be found in the collections of the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków, including Jacek Malczewski’s student drawing. Unfortunately, old castings of the figurines, on the basis of which these studies were made, have not survived. Currently, the museum’s collection includes contemporary copies of similar castings.

Elaborated by Magdalena Szymańska PhD
(Museum of the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków),
Licencja Creative Commons

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Poland License..

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“Male nude figure” by Stanisław Wyspiański

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