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- Author Władysław Rossowski (1857–1923)
- Date of production 1876
- Place of creation Kraków, Poland
- Dimensions height: 58 cm, width: 37.8 cm
- Author's designation signed in the right-hand bottom corner “Władysław Rossowski”
- ID no. R 48
- Availability in stock
- Object copyright Museum of the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków
- Digital images copyright public domain
- Digitalisation RDW MIC, Virtual Małopolska project
Władysław Rossowski was born in 1857 in Monastyryska near Buczacz (now Buchach in Ukraine). He was a brother of Stanisław Rossowski – a poet, writer and journalist, and father of Tadeusz – a cartoonist and painter. In 1872–1873 he attended Higher Real School in Kraków and in 1873–1874 he studied in Lviv, where he took the matriculation exam. After passing, he studied painting at the School of Fine Arts in Kraków from 1874 to 1884.more
Władysław Rossowski was born in 1857 in Monastyryska near Buczacz (now Buchach in Ukraine). He was a brother of Stanisław Rossowski – a poet, writer and journalist, and father of Tadeusz – a cartoonist and painter. In 1872–1873 he attended Higher Real School in Kraków and in 1873–1874 he studied in Lviv, where he took the matriculation exam. After passing, he studied painting at the School of Fine Arts in Kraków from 1874 to 1884. From 1878, he attended the composition department of Jan Matejko. On 3 March 1876, he won the first prize for the presented study of the plaster cast of an ancient sculpture. In 1881, Rossowski received a government scholarship and an Emperor’s scholarship, which allowed him to study at the Munich Academy, as well as in Dresden and Paris. After completing his education, in 1885–1892, Rossowski taught painting and drawing at Adrian Baraniecki’s Higher Courses for Women at the Museum of Technology and Industry in Kraków. His most important works of that period are 29 oil paintings made for the iconostasis in the St. Norbert Greek-Catholic church in Kraków, which he made according to Jan Matejko’s design (1892–1895), and a series of paintings illustrating the history of Franciscans in Poland, painted for the Kraków assembly (1896). For the same assembly, Rossowski created ceiling murals in the new sacristy and designed a stained-glass window in the cloisters depicting St. Salomea.
In 1910 he moved to Lviv, where he lived until his death in 1923. Władysław Rossowski continued to create his works until 1919. Later, an incurable disease made it impossible for him to work. During the Lviv period, he completed numerous orders for churches and monasteries in the vicinity of Lviv.
This technically sound drawing was based on a plaster cast of an ancient sculpture. The plaster cast was a copy of an unspecified Greek or Roman sculpture covering the theme of a naked young man – a theme typical for the art of ancient Greece. The slender proportions and the characteristic position (bowed head and deep contrapposto) and physiognomic features of the model (strong lower jaw) prove that the prototype of the drawing was a copy of a statue derived from the tradition of Lysippos – a Greek sculptor working in the late classical period (4th century BC). The young man’s pose, apart from the hand layout, seems to be derived from Apoxyomenos by Lysippos (gr. Ἀποξυόμενος – the scraper). The famous, known from a copy, portrayal of an athlete who cleanses the skin with a strigil occurs in two variants of hand composition – with the right hand extended to the front (in the collections of the Vatican Museums) or with hands lowered (Croatia, Mali Lošinj, Apoxyomenos Museum and Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum) Among many sculptures referring to the style of Lysippos, as an analogy to the sculpture shown in the picture, one can point the so-called Hermes of Atalante (Athens, National Archaeological Museum), Hermes of Aigon (Athens, National Archaeological Museum), Berlin athlete ( Berlin, Altes Museum, inv. No. Sk 471) and Hermes Richelieu (Paris, Louvre, inv. No. Ma 573).
The same sculpture is depicted in a drawing by Władysław Rossowski in the collections of the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków, Inv. No. R 47.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Poland License.