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- Author Stanisław Radziejowski
- Date of production 1874–1891
- Place of creation Kraków, Poland
- Dimensions height: 60 cm, width: 47 cm
- Author's designation signed in the left-hand upper corner “St. Radziejowski”
- ID no. R 47
- Availability in stock
- Acquired date 1874–1891, awarded student’s work
- Object copyright Museum of the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków
- Digital images copyright © all rights reserved, Museum of the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków
- Digitalisation RDW MIC, Virtual Małopolska project
Stanisław Józef Rafał Dominik Radziejowski was born to a landowning family in Zegartowice near Wieliczka. He probably started studying at the School of Fine Arts in Kraków in the academic year 1874/1875 and he is thought to have only studied for one year. However, this information has not been confirmed. Certainly, Radziejowski studied at the School of Fine Arts during the period 1880–1885 and 1888–1891 in the composition department of Jan Matejko. During his studies, he received several awards...more
Stanisław Józef Rafał Dominik Radziejowski was born to a landowning family in Zegartowice near Wieliczka. He probably started studying at the School of Fine Arts in Kraków in the academic year 1874/1875 and he is thought to have only studied for one year. However, this information has not been confirmed. Certainly, Radziejowski studied at the School of Fine Arts during the period 1880–1885 and 1888–1891 in the composition department of Jan Matejko. During his studies, he received several awards: in 1882, the first prize for drawing from a plaster cast of an antique figure, in 1883 – the first prize for drawing a perspective, and in 1884 – the second prize for drawing a nude figure. He continued his education at the Munich Academy, where in 1885 he enrolled at the school of painting of Otto Seitz. In Munich, his talent was also appreciated – in 1886 he received a gold medal for a sketch depicting the Flight to Egypt. After finishing his studies, Radziejowski created his works mainly in Kraków. He worked not only as a painter, but also as an illustrator – his drawings were published in, among others, the “Świat” [“World”] magazine. Radziejowski died in Kraków in 1950. His daughter Elżbieta Radziejowska-Reisserowa (1902–1966) followed in the footsteps of her father to become a painter, as well as his granddaughter Elżbieta Reiss (1928–1983), a well-known graphic artist.
The presented drawing was made during Radziejowski’s studies at the School of Fine Arts. In this university’s collection it has been preserved as part of the students’ awarded works. It should be presumed that the presented drawing is identical to one of Radziejowski’s award-winning works – from 1882 or 1884. This technically good drawing was based on a plaster cast of an ancient sculpture. The plaster cast was a copy of an unspecified Greek or Roman sculpture covering the theme of a naked young man – a theme typical for the art of ancient Greece. The slender proportions and the characteristic position (bowed head and deep contrapposto) and physiognomic features of the model (strong lower jaw) prove that the prototype of the drawing was a copy of a statue derived from the tradition of Lysippos – a Greek sculptor working in the late classical period (4th century BC). The young man’s pose, apart from the hand layout, seems to be derived from Apoxyomenos by Lysippos (gr. Ἀποξυόμενος – the scraper). The famous, known from a copy, portrayal of an athlete who cleanses the skin with a strigil occurs in two variants of hand composition – with the right hand extended to the front (in the collections of the Vatican Museums) or with hands lowered (Croatia, Mali Lošinj, Apoxyomenos Museum and Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum) Among many sculptures referring to the style of Lysippos, as an analogy to the sculpture shown in the picture, one can point the so-called Hermes of Atalante (Athens, National Archaeological Museum), Hermes of Aigon (Athens, National Archaeological Museum), Berlin athlete (Berlin, Altes Museum, inv. No. Sk 471) and Hermes Richelieu (Paris, Louvre, inv. No. Ma 573).
The same sculpture is shown on a drawing by Władysław Rossowski in the collections of the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków, inv. No. R 48.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Poland License.