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The presented drawing from the collection of the Academy of Fine Arts was awarded by the professors of the School of Fine Arts and was awarded first place by the authorities of the Kraków Society of Friends of Fine Arts, along with a sum of 30 guilders.

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At the time of Malczewski’s studies at the School of Fine Arts, Professor Władysław Łuszczkiewicz taught anatomy. In 1873, he described its significance and method of teaching in the curriculum: “lectures in myology [the study of muscles] will be based on cast gypsum and various drawings (…) at the university, as well as in the dissecting-room of the local university with demonstration of corpses. Then, on a live model, the changes in anatomical forms caused by muscle work could be studied. Later, by virtue of constant drawing of individual parts of the body, as if it were devoid of skin, students will have memorized the forms of the human body and the formed ability to draw a human being from memory, which is the proper purpose of teaching anatomy”.
Of Malczewski’s artistic achievements dozens of anatomical sketches have been preserved; most of them in the collections of the Jagiellonian University[1], and one in the collection of the Museum of the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków. The presented drawing from the collection of the Academy of Fine Arts was awarded by the professors of the School of Fine Arts and was awarded first place by the authorities of the Kraków Society of Friends of Fine Arts, along with a sum of 30 guilders.
Malczewski himself mentions the award: “I won the competition for an anatomical figure, I got 30 guilders. From this, I gave 15 guilders to a friend, for I knew that he was poor and had nothing to live on. I kept the rest for myself. I was very happy with this win, yet not on account of the money, but because the first prize at a competition is no joke”[2].

Bibliography:

  1. [1] More of  Malczewski’s drawings in the Jagiellonian University collection: Marek Mariusz Tytko, Jacka Malczewskiego lekcja anatomii, [in:] “Zeszyty Naukowo-Artystyczne Wydziału Malarstwa Akademii Sztuk Pięknych w Krakowie”, Kraków 2004, Issue 5, p. 233–240.
  2. [2] A. Heydel, “Jacek Malczewski. Życie i dzieło”, Kraków 1933.

 

Elaborated by Urszula Kozakowska-Zaucha (National Museum in Kraków),

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Poland License.

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“An anatomical study of a male figure” by Jacek Malczewski

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