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The present helmet is of eastern origin. It was popular, among others, in Persia and Turkey, from where it was adopted in Poland. In the 17th and 18th centuries, such helmets were worn, among others, by towarzysze pancerni [literally: armoured companions], a type of Polish cavalry unit. The bascinet presented on the website probably comes from Persia.

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The present helmet is of eastern origin. It was popular, among others, in Persia and Turkey, from where it was adopted in Poland. In the 17th and 18th centuries, such helmets were worn, among others, by towarzysze pancerni [literally: armoured companions], a type of Polish cavalry unit. The bascinet presented on the website probably comes from Persia. It consists of a typical skull in the form of a shallow, iron bowl with an aventail attached, whose role was to protect the ears, neck and shoulders. The skull, also known as the bottom, is reinforced with strips of brass sheet metal and equipped with a movable nasal that serves to protect the nose Besides, the skull was decorated with elements characteristic of Persia: a curved spike on the top of the helmet and two sleeves for plumes. The object was used as a prop at the School of Fine Arts in Kraków.

Elaborated by Adam Spodaryk (Editorial team of Małopolska’s Virtual Museums),

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Poland License.

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A Persian helmet – a prop from the School of Fine Arts

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