The Museum “of all old things” – relics of the prosperous old Polish town – is housed in five historic buildings, located within Biecz Old Town. Inside the original Renaissance rooms, one can become acquainted not only with the life and work of craftsmen in Biecz but also with its intellectuals: a 16th-century Renaissance man – historian, music theoretician and diplomat Marcin Kromer as well as Wacław Potocki, a Baroque poet. The interior of a prison situated under the town hall tower refers to the 19th-century legend of a Biecz school of executioners and the work of a Master of Holy Justice who resided there.
In the House with a Tower – a branch of the museum situated in a Renaissance house adjacent to a massive medieval tower – an exhibition devoted to the history of pharmacy is situated. Not only has its trade room been reconstructed but also the basement and a laboratory from the old pharmacy so that we could see what a workspace of the 19th-century pharmacist looked like. The House with a Tower is also an ideal place for music enthusiasts as there is an exhibition of musical instruments from the 18th–20th century period (among the exhibits there is a handmade zither, a lyre and a music box).

Elaborated by Julia Czapla, Joanna Kotarba,
Licencja Creative Commons

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Poland License.

Photograph by Marek Antoniusz Święch, arch. MIK (2012),
Licencja Creative Commons

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Poland License.

www.muzeum.biecz.pl

ul. Kromera 3,
38-340 Biecz


phone 13 447 10 93
phone 13 447 13 28
Fax 13 447 19 50
page museum

Opening hours

The Haus with a Tower  — October — April
Monday
closed
Tuesday  — Sunday
8.00 — 16.00
May, June, September
Monday
closed
Tuesday  — Friday
8.00 — 17.00
Saturday  — Sunday
9.00 — 17.00
July - August  — sierpień
Monday
closed
Tuesday  — Friday
8.00 — 19.00
Saturday  — Sunday
10.00 — 19.00

Ticket Prices

Kromerówka normal 4 PLN Kromerówka reduced 2 PLN The Haus with a Tower normal 8 PLN The Haus with a Tower reduced 4 PLN
Objects

Sculpture “Our Lady of Sorrows” from 16th century

Figura Marii pochodzi z grupy Ukrzyżowania, z której zachowała się również rzeźba św. Jana Ewangelisty, stanowiąca jej pendant, należąca również do zbiorów Muzeum Ziemi Bieckiej. Początkowo uważano, że obie figury były umieszczone na belce tęczowej bieckiej fary, jednakże ich mały rozmiar w stosunku do przestrzeni fary według historyków sztuki wyklucza ten pogląd. Najprawdopodobniej stanowiły zwieńczenie jednej z nastaw ołtarzowych. Prawdopodobnie wzorem dla tej figury jest Matka Boska Bolesna należąca do grupy Ukrzyżowania z belki w kościele św. Krzyża w Krakowie.

Pharmaceutical tablet maker machine

Pharmaceutical tablet maker machine from 19th century.

Tincture press

Prezentowana tu prasa służyła aptekarzom w Brzostku do przyrządzania zdrowotnych nalewek, zwanych (od łacińskiego słowa tinctura − nalewka) tynkturami. Bazą do ich przygotowania był zawsze alkohol, którym zalewano odpowiednie substancje, nie tylko owoce i zioła, ale także kwiaty, np. jaśminu, czarnego bzu, tarniny, głogu, znane również dziś. Cenione za właściwości zdrowotne, ale i smakowe, zajmowały ważne miejsce w domowych apteczkach, zwanych nie bez przyczyny „apteczkami przyjemnymi”.

Drum mixing device for spices

Prezentowane mieszadło służyło do przygotowywania zestawów ziół na przeróżne dolegliwości. Do ogromnego miedzianego bębna wsypywano w odpowiednich proporcjach poszczególne zioła, a następnie, po ich dokładnym wymieszaniu uzyskiwano pożądane kombinacje ziół na przeróżne dolegliwości...

Old print. Marcin Kromer’s work, “De origine et rebus gestis polonorum libri XXX” (with Grodecki’s map)

The presented old print is the most complete issue of one of the best known works by Marcin Cromer with the Polish title: O pochodzeniu i czynach Polaków ksiąg trzydzieści (About origins and deeds of Poles in thirty books) (the first Polish translation of the work written in Latin came out in 1611).

“The Canon of Medicine” of Avicenna

The work of a Persian doctor, philosopher, scholar, known in Europe as Avicenna (Abu Ali Ibn Sina, 980–1037). The Canon of Medicine was written at the beginning of the 11th century, but served as a manual of medical knowledge in the West even up to the 17th century, while in the East it is sometimes used up to this day.

Zither

Coming probably from Turkey, a beautifully decorated zither from the turn of the 19th century; artistic handwork. A bottom board of a sound box is made of a coniferous tree wood, glued together out of three parts, painted dark brown. Veneered sides, the top part of the sound box from the edge to the tailpiece is covered with parchment leather; the string nodes are made of bone.

Woman’s fan

The presented fan from the 18th century was handmade. The top part is painted by hand on paper and depicts a genre scene. The lower part was carved in openwork from a whale bone.

Sculpture “St. Anna” from 16th century

Renaissance sculpture representing Saint Anna.

Throne for a church monstrance

A Baroque architectural throne for a church monstrance. A Baroque framing decorated with an auricular style ornament as well as a radiant halo consisting of rays alternately straight or curved. At the sides are two allegorical figures, at the finial of the framing are two figures of angels. The throne has a semicircular hollow, sapphire background covered with a convexly carved motif of a grape-wine.

Hurdy gurdy

A string and keyboard musical instrument. A rectangular box with keys and the complete playing mechanism is placed on the upper board. The shape of the instrument is similar to a violin. The upper board is made of coniferous wood, the bottom of beech wood.

Clavichord

We do not know much about this exhibit. It is a typical clavichord which — as a separate musical instrument — appeared in the 14th century. The use of clavichords spread in the first half of the 16th century. The one from the collection of the Biecz Land Museum came from the 18th century, from the time when the clavichord reached its final shape; among other features, it was equipped with legs.

Sculpture “Halabardier”

Sculpture presenting Halabardier comes from the castle in Biecz. The castle no longer exists.

Mantelpiece clock

Mantelpiece clock made from malachite comes from 19th century.

Cash register with a counting machine

A heavy, massive cash register for counting decorated with garlands and floral motives is an extremely valuable exhibit, considering its origin. The National Cash Register company from Dayton (in Ohio State) specialised in the production of counting machines, and gained a monopoly in this field within the territory of the United States in the late 19th and early 20th century.

Pharmaceutical scale

Na drewnianej skrzynce z trzema szufladkami nakrytej blatem wykonanym z białego marmuru znajduje się posążek z cynkalu. Przedstawia on boginię Hygieję z owiniętym wokół jej dłoni wężem, ubraną w antyczną togę.

Pharmaceutical scale with Asclepius

Podstawę dla wagi tworzy drewniana skrzynka z trzema szufladkami, nakryta marmurowym blatem. Ramiona wagi są wykonane z kolorowego metalu i zawieszone na cynkalowym posążku przedstawiającym boga medycyny, Eskulapa.

Polyphon

The presented exhibit is a musical instrument in the form of a music box made of wood. It is carved and has a glazed door. Inside the box is a playing mechanism with a metal disc.

Pharmaceutical vessel

Pharmaceutical wooden box from 19th century for storing medicinal herbs.

Alabaster amphora

Alabaster amphora for storing perfumes, from the 18th century.

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