The Museum “of all old things” – relics of the prosperous old Polish town – is housed in five historic buildings, located within Biecz Old Town. Inside the original Renaissance rooms, one can become acquainted not only with the life and work of craftsmen in Biecz but also with its intellectuals: a 16th-century Renaissance man – historian, music theoretician and diplomat Marcin Kromer as well as Wacław Potocki, a Baroque poet. The interior of a prison situated under the town hall tower refers to the 19th-century legend of a Biecz school of executioners and the work of a Master of Holy Justice who resided there.
In the house with the turret – a branch of the museum situated in a Renaissance house adjacent to a massive medieval turret – an exhibition devoted to the history of pharmacy is situated. Not only has its trade room been reconstructed but also the basement and a laboratory from the old pharmacy so that we could see what a workspace of the 19th-century pharmacist looked like. The house with a turret is also an ideal place for music enthusiasts as there is an exhibition of musical instruments from the 18th–20th century period (among the exhibits there is a handmade zither, a lyre and a music box).

Elaborated by Julia Czapla, Joanna Kotarba,
Licencja Creative Commons

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Poland License.

Photograph by Marek Antoniusz Święch, arch. MIK (2012),
Licencja Creative Commons

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Poland License.

http://www.muzeum.biecz.pl/en/

ul. Kromera 3,
38-340 Biecz


phone 13 447 10 93
phone 13 447 13 28
Fax 13 447 19 50
page museum

Opening hours

October — April
Monday
closed
Tuesday  — Sunday
8.00 — 16.00
May, June, September
Monday
closed
Tuesday  — Friday
8.00 — 17.00
Saturday  — Sunday
9.00 — 17.00
July - August  — sierpień
Monday
closed
Tuesday  — Friday
8.00 — 19.00
Saturday  — Sunday
10.00 — 19.00

Ticket Prices

Kromerówka normal 4 PLN Kromerówka reduced 2 PLN The house with the turret normal 8 PLN The house with the turret reduced 4 PLN
Objects

Woman’s fan

The fan, originally designed as a cooling device, was elevated in modern times to a symbol of dignity. Over time, it became a very fashionable element of female attire. On the other hand, fan gestures became a conventional code used by men and women to communicate and flirt at the court.

Urban Bell

In the upper part of the bell resonator is a date, “1382”, written in Roman numerals, which helped identify the date of the casting of the bell. It is also decorated with ornamentation. In the middle of the resonator is a frieze decorated with a curved line. Above it there are three plaques depicting the crucifixion scene placed at equal intervals.

Portable small altar

According to tradition, it is associated with the Relief of Vienna. When, after the victory over the Turks, the army of King Jan Sobieski was returning to Poland, several soldiers stopped in Biecz. In gratitude for defeating the pagans and ending the war unscathed, the soldiers left this small portable altar in the church in Biecz.

Byzantine solidus

Solidus (Lat. solidus, i.e. solid) was a Roman gold coin introduced by Constantine the Great at the beginning of the 4th century and used as the main Byzantine trade coin. Coins with images of emperors were minted during their reign.

Throne for a church monstrance

A Baroque architectural throne for a church monstrance. A Baroque framing decorated with an auricular style ornament as well as a radiant halo consisting of rays alternately straight or curved. At the sides are two allegorical figures, at the finial of the framing are two figures of angels.

Sculpture “Crucified Christ” from 14th century

The sculpture depicts the Crucified Christ. The Saviour has dark hair falling on his shoulders, a short beard and moustache. The figure’s hands were completely destroyed.

Sculpture “Our Lady of Sorrows” from 15th century

It is a gothic sculpture depicting a figure in contrapposto, hands folded for prayer, face with a straight, narrow nose, small lips, head slightly bowed, covered with a cloak falling on the shoulders, bare neck, dress with a partially preserved polychrome in red, robes falling with heavy folds.

Sculpture “St. Anna” from 16th century

The Renaissance sculpture depicts a woman standing. Her right hand, which has not survived to this day, pressed a book to her chest; with the left one she holds a coattail.

Renaissance plate

This plate was originally located above the entrance gate to the city of Biecz. It belonged to Mikołaj Ligęza from Bobrek (c. 1530–1603) who obtained the position of starosta (district governor) of Biecz in 1561, through his marriage to Elżbieta née Jordan, and in 1575 the position of the governor of Biecz Province from Jan Tarło.

Mantelpiece clock

The presented mantelpiece clock was made from light green malachite. It is cube-shaped, held by two bases on the sides and placed on four legs in the form of brass spheres.

Old print. Marcin Kromer’s work, “De origine et rebus gestis polonorum libri XXX” (with Grodecki’s map)

The presented old print is the most complete issue of one of the best known works by Marcin Cromer with the Polish title: O pochodzeniu i czynach Polaków ksiąg trzydzieści [About origins and deeds of Poles in thirty books] (the first Polish translation of the work written in Latin came out in 1611).

Longcase clock

The object on display is a longcase clock. It is placed on a pedestal topped with a shaped board, adorned with an inlaid eight-pointed star on the front wall. The longcase features doors decorated with a profiled panel in the form of an upright rectangle, capped with a suspended semi-circular arch and ornamented with two inlaid eight-pointed stars.

Marble mortar

The presented mortar has the shape of a hemisphere with a flattened bottom with two handles cut flat at the edge of the outlet. There is a black stripe below the handle.

Polyphon

The presented exhibit is a musical instrument in the form of a music box made of wood. It is carved and has a glazed door. Inside the box is a playing mechanism with a metal disc.

Drum mixing device for spices

The presented mixing device was used to prepare sets of herbs for various ailments. Herbs were poured into the copper drum in appropriate proportions, and then, after thorough mixing, the desired herb mixtures for colic, pains of various origin, and all health problems reported by local residents were obtained.

Tincture press

The presented press was originally used in a pharmacy in Brzostek (Subcarpathian Province, Dębica District). Currently, it is on display at an exhibition devoted to the history of pharmacy at the Museum of Ziemia Biecka.

Alabaster amphora

The presented amphora was used to store perfumes. On the rectangular base there is a round foot surrounded by a wreath. The toe is smooth. The body, widening upwards, is narrowed in the upper part and the neck is profiled with a curved lip.

Pharmaceutical scale with Asclepius

The base of the scales is a wooden box with three drawers, covered with a marble top. The arms of the scales are made of coloured metal and hung on a zinc-aluminium statue of the god of medicine, Asclepius.

Zither

Coming probably from Turkey, a beautifully decorated zither from the turn of the 19th century; artistic handwork. A bottom board of a sound box is made of a coniferous tree wood, glued together out of three parts, painted dark brown. Veneered sides, the top part of the sound box from the edge to the tailpiece is covered with parchment leather; the string nodes are made of bone.

Pharmaceutical scale

On a wooden box with three drawers covered with a top made of white marble stands a zinc-aluminium alloy statuette. It depicts the goddess Hygeia with a snake wrapped around her hand, dressed in an antique gown.

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