The establishment of the Geological Museum was closely linked with the educational needs of the Department of General Geology and Palaeontology of the AGH University of Science and Technology created in 1920. It was then that the process of acquiring complete geological collections began. The present collection at the museum is comprised of eight permanent exhibitions: visitors may follow the trail of Karst Phenomena, Geology and Natural Treasures of the Kraków Region, Minerals of Poland, Geology of Deposits, Palaeontology, Dynamic Geology, The Regional Geology of Poland or The Geology of the Kraków Area.

Elaborated by The Geological Museum at the Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection of the AGH University of Science and Technology, © all rights reserved

Photograph by Marek Antoniusz Święch, arch. MIK (2013),
Licencja Creative Commons

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Poland License.

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al. Mickiewicza 30,
30-059 Kraków

phone 12 617 23 65
phone 12 617 32 46
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Opening hours

Monday  — Sunday
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Ichthyosaur’s teeth

Presented specimens are fossils with separately preserved three teeth of Ichthyosaurus, dating back to the Upper Jurassic period, namely from —163 to —145 million years ago.

Calcite with marcasite

Presented specimen is a dense and grainy aggregate of marcasite, on which surface grown the crystals of calcite.

Halite with organic inclusions

This specimen from the collection of The Geological Museum of the AGH University of Science and Technology is unusual, because in its crystal structure is a foreign body. This phenomenon is called inclusion (known as organic infix too). Inclusion has its strict regularities, for example – the presence of another mineral in the mineral, like diamond in a diamond structure. Sometimes, completely by accident...

Sphalerite — Galena

Sphalerite is a zinc blende; and galena, is a lead sulfide (lat. galena means lead ore), both are common minerals from the class of sulphide.

Marcasite from “Pomorzany” Coalmine

Marcasite is a common mineral, which is finding mainly in sedimentary rocks, like limestones, marls or clayey rocks. It belongs to the class of sulphides. Marcasite at increased temperatures undergoes irreversibly in pyrite, because it is a impermanent form of pyrite. Marcasite and pyrite are polymorphic variants of iron sulfide. It has a brass-yellow color with a greenish tinge and a metallic sheen.

Sphalerite from “Pomorzany” Coalmine

Delusive, sneaky, deceptive, uncertain ... What makes sphalerite deserved such adjectives? For a very long time, geologists couldn’t identify this mineral. Finally, the study confirmed that it is a zinc ore.

Ammonite “Euaspidoceras paucituberkulatum Arkell”

Presented ammonite is from the upper jurassic period. It is a very large and well-preserved type of this species. It have a flat spiral coiled shell, richly ornamented.

Ammonite mineralised with quartz and chalcedony

Presented ammonite is unique, because of its individual mineralization, which is very rarely in the singular objects from this area. Mineralization with chalcedony and quartz, on line of the helix, created holes with a rich and colorful cross-section. Thanks to this...


Appellative of crinoids (Crinoidea) comes from the Greek words krinon, which means lily, and eidos ‒ form. This marine animals characterized by calyx-shape body, have also the stem and arms. Crinoids lived in prehistoric sea c. 200 million years ago. They belonged to the echinoderms.


Presented specimen is unique because of the locus of occurrence holomorphic zinc and lead ores. It takes the form of fine-grained, dense masses, which, after surface polishing, are very effective - as in the case of our sphalerite.