What does a Cracovian hut hide?

What rooms were there in a Cracovian hut? What furnishings and fittings did it contain? The colourful descriptions by Seweryn Udziela provide the best guide on the imaginative wanderings of the inhabitants of villages in the vicinity of Kraków.
With regard to the inhabitants themselves, he wrote as follows:
„A Cracovian is a man of medium height, broad-shouldered, muscular, stocky, with a beautiful, shapely head, an oval face with beautiful, gentle features, his eyes are blue and his nose prominent. The hair, which is always bright among children, becomes dimmer later on, hence, people here are mostly dark-haired (...). Their facial features are handsome; sometimes men are prettier than women”[1].
By following Udziela’s description, we may also visit a Cracovian hut:
Kraków Bronowice cottage (...) is usually arranged as follows: looking at it from the front, we see a room inside, which has two identical windows, six panes in each of them; one enters the room through the hallway, which is located to the right of it and runs through the entire hut. Opposite the hallway, there is a wardrobe. On the left side of the room, separated from it only by a wall, there is a stable with an entrance from the front of the hut. Sometimes, behind the stable under the same thatched roof, there is also a chamber where cereals are threshed, and the sheaves are stored in the attic, «upstairs», as they say here”[2].

And to stop in the room for a few moments:
„What is striking in the room is, above all, a series of holy images placed above the windows along the entire wall under the ceiling, a table, bench, chest, stools, a cupboard for the dishes and beds, all painted in floral motives; the beds are made with thick pillows and quilts, over them, on the wall, there hangs everyday clothing, next to it, there is a cradle, also painted”[3].

Elaborated by Editorial team of Małopolskas Virtual Museums,
Licencja Creative Commons

 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Poland License.

[1] S. Udziela, Krakowiacy, Krakow 1924, p. 9.
[2] Ibidem, p. 13.
[3] Ibidem, p. 19.