Everyone has got his or her own treasures; small children bury a small glass object in the ground, placing flowers, twigs, and beads under it. The greatest joy is to dig them out – usually by accident, already when they are forgotten, although sometimes it is difficult to stop curiosity and abstain from checking whether the “secret“ is still there.
The work of an archaeologist is like the extension of childhood – excavating and discovering. Valuables purposely hidden in the past and found after centuries are described as treasures or hoards. The hoard from Witów, the hoard from Nowa Huta–Pleszów, the hoard from Stefkowa, the hoard from Kanonicza Street.
What are the treasures from the collection of Małopolska’s Virtual Museums?
The hoard from Witów consists of only four gold coins. They were struck in the period when the Roman Empire was already divided into two parts. In the east Theodosius II (408–450) was the emperor, whereas in the west – Valentinian III (425–455).
Along with the find from Witów, a part of the hoard from Kanonicza Street can also be seen in the collection of Małopolska’s Virtual Museums. The treasure contains 4212 bars (grzywna, so-called commodity money) of a total weight of about 3630 kg!
The hoard from Stefkowa contains mainly elements of jewellery from the Bronze Age. This metal – an alloy of copper and tin – was one of the most valued at that time. Although being tiny, the objects must have been of great value for their owner to have been hidden so scrupulously, thanks to which they survived hidden in the ground for as long as 3500 thousand years.
Our collection also boasts the hoard from Nowa Huta–Pleszów. In a clay pot from the Piast period over 2 kg of coins and valuables, including cast silver nuggets, were hidden.
The idea of a treasure referring to the value of material was changing throughout the centuries – bronze, gold, silver, iron… Today, messages for the next generations are still being sent, e.g., by cultivating the tradition of placing documents in the globe of a church tower, thus recording the traces which will allow one to retrace a picture of our epoch in the future. How will our times be evaluated? What conclusions will be drawn by historians and archaeologists?
We invite you to discover these real treasures in our collection. Perhaps for some this will be a glass feudal coin from the 17th century or a Celtic glass bead seen from a short distance.
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