Concrete poetry combines literature with elements of visual or sound art. Its creators perceive language as a complex whole, where the meaning of words is as important as their typographic layout. It is an experiment in which poetry approaches graphic art, and what we see influences what we understand. A record subordinated to aesthetics enables a new form of experiencing the work. The creation of concrete poetry is combined with the activity of Augusto de Campos in the 1950s. Already, by 1956, the first exhibition of poems — visual compositions — had taken place in Sao Paulo. The fashion for concretism quickly spread in Europe. We owe its development on Polish soil to the so-called Wrocław school (1968–78), and Marian Bocian, Leszek Szaruga, and Stanisław Dróżdż are among the most prominent representatives in this field.
Technological development has caused a revival of concrete poetry in a new version. Digital poetry is being created using digital media.
Elaborated by Museum of Contemporary Art in Kraków MOCAK, Mirosława Bałazy (Editorial team of Małopolska’s Virtual Museums), © all rights reserved