Scottish bagpipes... Polish bagpipes!

Although bagpipes are usually associated with Scotland, one must not forget that they were one of the most popular folk instruments used in old Poland!
They were also known in Podhale, where nearly every village had its piper who earned his living by playing this instrument. Even in the mid-19th century, they were used in village bands, right next to złóbcoki and basses. They were particularly popular among shepherds guarding sheep who were accompanied by the sound of this instrument during the spring trailing of the sheep to the Tatra pastures, and at bonfires during the summer pasturage.
The pipers played at village festivities, during family and annual celebrations, and at evening feasts. They accompanied travelling harvesters departing Podhale in search of work. The Tatra bandits most likely feasted to the sound of kobza pipes.

Provide a link to Highland robbers – welcoming of Surowiec painting on glass.

Popular even in the first half of the 19th century, bagpipes started to disappear in the 1860s. In the inter-war period there were only a few pipers in Podhale, and their music was disregarded by the local community and raised interest only among a group of regionalists and visitors who treated it as a local curiosity.
In today's Podhale there is a group of people making bagpipes and playing this instrument.

Elaborated by Anna Kozak (The Dr. Tytus Chałubiński Tatra Museum in Zakopane), Editorial team of Małopolska‘s Virtual Museums, © all rights reserved

See bagpipes from the Tatra Museum in the collection from Małopolska’s Virtual Museums.
Read about the secrets of a bagpipe player’s work and the materials these instruments were made of.